The following are the major causes of child labour in India
Parents are forced to send little children into hazardous jobs for reasons of survival, even when they know it is wrong. Monetary constraints and the need for food, shelter and clothing drives their children in the trap of premature labour.
2. Illiteracy of Parents
It is yet another important cause of concern that the parents take their children to the work site to teach them work. They think that more hands for work will bring more income in the family. Hence illiterate parents are the main cause of child labour.
The parents feel that even educated people reamin unemployed. Hence there is no need to waste money in providing education to the child. It would be better if the children remain un employed. This kind of feeling leads to child labour in the country.
4. Family Problems
Most of the children are runaway children from home due to family problem and exploitation. They come to the cities and they start earning by working somewhere.
5. Easy Availability of Jobs
The children find it easy to get jobs as unskilled labourers. They are silent workers. They do not create proble and they do not fight with the employers. They are available at a low wages.
6. Poor Enforcement of Laws
Even though there are several laws in the country for the protection of children, yet the children are exploited a lot. For example, the Factories Act prohibits the employment of children in factories. But since there is no strict implementation we find that still the children are employed in factories.
7. Adult Unemployment
Adults often find it difficult to find jobs because factory owners find it more beneficial to employ children at cheap rates. This exploitation is particularly visible in garment factories of urban areas. Adult exploitation of children is also seen in many places. Elders relax at home and live on the labour of poor helpless children.
8. Over Population
Over population in some regions creates paucity of resources. When there are limited means and more mouths to feed children are driven to commercial activities and not provided for their development needs. This is the case in most Asian and African countries.