The concept of local self government is known to Indian since ancient times. During the vedic age, there existed village assemblies known as ‘Sabha’ and ‘Samiti’. Gradually cities and towns came into prominence. They also enjoyed greater level of autonomy in administration as witnessed during the Mauryan and Gupta period.
The system of local self government in its modern sense was revived during the British period.
In a democratic country power is decentralized and shared at different levels. Apart from the Central and State Government, the administration at the local level is handled by the local government in urban as well as rural areas. The local Self- Government ensures effective people’s participation and ensures overall development. These small units of government enable people to feel a sense of responsibility and understand values of democracy.
In India the Local Self Government is broadly classified into two categories that is Rural and Urban.