Short Note on Utilitarianism

Utilitarianism is the altruistic or universalistic form of Ethical Hedonism. Utilitarianism maintains that the supreme ideal of life is pleasure – not the individual pleasure but universal or general happiness. The slogan of Utilitarianism is, “The greatest happiness of the greatest number”.

Utilitarianism evaluates human actions on the basis of their consequences. Actions are judged by their utility to produce pleasure or to prevent pain. The action that leads to best consequences i.e. produces more pleasure is right action.

Utilitarianism a teleological theory as it determines the goodness of an action by referring to its consequences.

Jeremy Bentham advocates Gross or Quantitative Utilitarianism while John Stuart Mill advocates Refined or Qualitative Utilitarianism.

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